Measuring Shear Wave Velocity Using Bender Elements

The use of bender element to measure shear wave velocity is popular due to its simplicity. Yet, there are still some uncertainties in the interpretation of the bender element test. This paper examines the use of bender elements in the determination of shear wave velocities of dry, unsaturated and saturated soil specimens with respect to the characteristics of the bender elements, waveform, magnitude, and frequency of the applied voltage to the transmitter bender element and method of travel time determination.


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  • Accession Number: 01004218
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 28 2005 10:15AM