Effects of Vehicle Bumper Height and Impact Velocity on Type of Lower Extremity Injury in Vehicle-Pedestrian Accidents

The present study used three vehicle bumper heights to investigate the effect of the bumper height on the type of injury to the pedestrian lower extremity. The three heights used were bumper lower height, bumper center height and bumper upper height. The differences in the vehicle bumper heights between the two given injury groups, the femur fracture group and the knee ligament injury group, were examined and found to reach statistical significance. Moreover, the three bumper heights were also statistically different between the femur fracture group and the knee ligament injury group. Based on the present statistical test results using real world vehicle-pedestrian accident data, the vehicle bumper lower height referred to by the European Enhanced Vehicle Safety Committee Working Group 17 is an appropriate parameter to distinguish between the normal passenger vehicle and high bumper vehicle.


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  • Accession Number: 01002380
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 25 2005 9:37AM