General Aviation Leveloff, Roundout, and Accident Rate Analysis

"Landing flare" is the maneuver of transitioning the aircraft from the approach attitude to the landing attitude. This visually guided procedure is one of the first obstacles that confronts student pilots, but is poorly understood and underreported. This study conducts a trend analysis of flare accident rates to estimate the contribution of the leveloff and roundout to the variability of flare difficulty, and conducts an exploratory investigation into the roundout phase. The authors analyzed 6,655 National Transportation Safety Board accident reports and surveyed 92 aviators in two Part 141 flight schools. The results show that flare accidents accounted for 17.88% of landing accidents from 1995 to 1998, that the landing flare was equated with the roundout, and that the procedures used to round out the aircraft were obscure. The reduction of landing flare accident rates may depend on the distinction between the leveloff and roundout in flight training.

  • Availability:
  • Authors:
    • Benbassat, Danny
    • Williams, Kevin W
    • Abramson, Charles I
  • Publication Date: 2005


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01000479
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 2 2005 9:10AM