This report represents the fourth in a series of biennial national surveys undertaken by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) starting in 1991, and reports data from this fourth administration as well as those of the first three administrations (1991, 1993 and 1995). The objective of these recurrent studies is to measure the status of self-reported attitudes, knowledge and behavior of the general driving age public related to drinking and driving. The data are used to help support NHTSA initiatives and to identify areas of improvement and those in need of further attention in the pursuit of the reduction of drinking and driving. These surveys measure various topics related to drinking and driving including reported frequency of drinking and driving, prevention and intervention, riding with impaired drivers, designated drivers, perceptions of penalties and enforcement, and knowledge of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) levels. The 1997 survey administration findings indicate that, for the most part, following improvement between 1991 and 1993, and again between 1993 and 1995, attitudes and behaviors among those aged 16-64 have held constant since 1995. The proportion of the population who report driving within two hours of drinking in the past year declined from 28% in 1991 and 1993 to 24% in 1995, and remains virtually unchanged in 1997 at 25%. Similarly, the proportion who put themselves at risk by riding with a potentially impaired driver declined between 1993 and 1995, and remains near the 1995 level of 11%. The driving age public sees drinking and driving as a threat to their personal safety (99%), and 85% feel it is very important to do something to reduce the problem. Perceptions of the effectiveness of current laws and penalties at reducing drinking and driving have improved since 1993 (from 59% to 64% in 1997). Support for increased use of sobriety checkpoints increased slightly since 1993 from 64% to 68% in 1997. More persons age 16-64 are aware of BAC levels than in 1995 (84% up from 79% in 1995). However, just 29% of the driving age public correctly knows the BAC limit in their state (up from 20% in 1995). A majority of those who are aware of BAC levels (56%) support a legal limit of .08 or lower for their state.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures;
  • Pagination: 134 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00765927
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-808 844,, Final Report
  • Contract Numbers: DTNH22-96-C-05081
  • Files: HSL, NTL, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jul 13 2003 12:00AM