This discussion of how concrete freezes and thaws under natural conditions, focuses on the thermal and hydraulic stresses involved in surface scaling. The mechanics of surface scaling are described, and freezing within the paste is discussed, as well as temperature and saturation differentials. A series of laboratory tests was conducted to establish the validity of the theory that surface scaling could result from freezing temperatures converging upon a zone of greater saturation. Field measurements also were made. Conclusions drawn from the study are presented and discussed.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

    100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700
    West Conshohocken, PA  United States  19428-2957
  • Authors:
    • Adkins, D F
    • Christiansen, V T
  • Publication Date: 1989-5

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00485141
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 30 1989 12:00AM