Local authorities in the United Kingdom and many European countries have statutory obligations to provide special transport services to school children, the disabled and the sick. In addition, many authorities provide additional services to particular interest groups, including the elderly and voluntary organisations. Special transport services are organised to meet certain social needs which are usually described in operational and administrative terms. The improtance of these services in investigated in the first part of the paper. The second part focuses on the implications for transport policy of other types of social need which can be identified but which are defined not in operational or administrative terms, but in terms of achievement of adequate personal mobility to non-institutional activities such as shopping trips. Three methodologies are examined for assessing and accomodating such needs in transport terms. The methodologies are based on expressed demands, latent demands and perceived demands, and all are found to be wanting in one or more respects, especially when juxtaposed with the requirements of the formal planning process and the obligations for the provision of special transport services. An approach is offered which to some extent obviates many of these issues, emphasizing the importance of identifying barriers to accessibility. The paper concludes by positioning needs-based approaches within the context of the co-ordination of services between local authority agencies and between the public and voluntary sectors.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Transport Policy. Proceedings of Seminar J held at the 12th PTRC Summer Annual Meeting, University of Sussex, England, 10-13 July 1984, Volume P252.
  • Corporate Authors:

    PTRC Education and Research Services Limited

    110 Strand
    London WC2,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Abbiss, J
    • Marshall, D
    • Sutton, J
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1984

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 141-152

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00451266
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 086050-137-X
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 30 1985 12:00AM