GEOLOGY IN ENGINEERING

This book concentrates upon the subsurface geology and demonstrates by appropriate case histories how the disciplines of engineering geology, civil engineering, soil mechanics and the earth sciences have been more closely integrated over the past decade or so. The book is basically divisible into two sections. The first section (chapters 1-5) deals with fundamental aspects of geology which are specifically germane to the subject, i.e. rocks, minerals and water (liquid and frozen) or petrology (igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary), mineralogy and hydrology/hydrogeology. Within this section are treatments of subjects intimately connected with the topics such as denudation, erosion, transportation and deposition together with descriptive material on physical (mechanical) and chemical weathering, the geological and engineering classifications of rocks, rocks in time, the deformation, faulting and folding of rocks, crystallography and crystal systems, mineral properties land groups (mafic and felsic primary and secondary minerals) plus the classification of minerals, groundwater in construction, rocks as constructional materials, their strength characteristics, permafrost, glacial and periglacial phenomena and associated engineering problems. The second section (Chapter 5-10) is devoted to topics believed especially significant regarding geology in engineering practice. These are foundations, earth movements and non-diastrophic structures, tunnelling, large scale hydraulic structures (dams) and remote sensing. The types and selection of foundations are examined with reference to various kinds of building (dam foundations being discussed in Chapter 9) and mention is made of spread, combined, cantilever and continuous footings, mats, rafts and piles (including root piles). Various earth movements are scrutinized, mostly of non-diastrophic character, i.e. Not involving vast deformations of the planetary crust (as opposed to diastrophic events producing mountain ranges, etc). In the chapter on tunnelling the problems, rock and soils behaviour and empirical methods are discussed and a classification of tunnels provided. As regards larger scale hydraulic structures, mainly dams, the approach is to give an historical background, to appraise the geology, to describe the geophysical investigations together with geological reconnaissance and detailed work, to examine grouting and to classify dams. Attention is directed towards adverse geological situations and some results of construction are considered. Finally remote sensing is surveyed and its implications for civil engineering in the future assessed. (TRRL)

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Elsevier Publishing Company, Limited

    Rippleside Commercial Estate, Ripple Road
    Barking, Essex,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Bowen, R
  • Publication Date: 1984

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 423 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00450868
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-85334-243-2
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 27 2004 9:04PM