Road to Zero: Research and Industry Perspectives on Zero-Emission Commercial Vehicles

Medium-and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) comprise only a small fraction of vehicles on the road but disproportionately contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution from the transportation sector. Given the large variety of vehicle types—ranging from heavy-duty pickup trucks and box trucks to full-size buses and Class 8 tractor semi-trailers—and applications, multiple technologies offer opportunities to decarbonize MHDVs including battery-electric vehicles, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, and sustainable liquid fuels. Here the authors provide an overview of the status, opportunities, challenges, and uncertainties for these competing—and potentially complementary—technologies, including consideration of supporting infrastructure and prospects for future success. The authors find a bright outlook for zero-emission vehicles and discuss remaining barriers and uncertainties around fleet decisions and changes to vehicle operation, infrastructure, manufacturing, and future fuel and technology trends that can be informed through analysis.


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01889847
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 10 2023 11:01AM