Comparative analysis of pedestrian crash severity at United Kingdom rural road intersections and Non-Intersections using latent class clustering and ordered probit model

Pedestrian safety is a critical issue in the United Kingdom (UK) as pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users. Despite numerous studies on pedestrian-vehicle crashes globally, limited research has been conducted to explore the factors contributing to such incidents in the UK, especially on rural roads. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the severity of pedestrian injuries sustained on rural roads in the UK, including crashes at intersections and non-intersections. The authors utilized the STATS19 dataset, which provided comprehensive road safety data from 2015 to 2019. To overcome the challenges posed by heterogeneity in the data, the authors employed a Latent Class Analysis to identify homogeneous clusters of crashes. Additionally, the authors utilized the Ordered Probit model to identify contributing factors within each cluster. The findings revealed that various factors had distinct effects on the severity of pedestrian injuries at intersections and non-intersections. Several parameters like the pedestrian location in footway and one-way roads are only statistically significant in the intersection section. Certain factors such as the day of the week, the pedestrian's location in a refuge, and minor roads (class B roads) were found to be significant only in the non-intersection section. Parameters including pedestrians aged over 65 years and under 15 years, drivers under 25 years, male drivers and pedestrians, darkness, heavy vehicles, speed limits exceeding 96 km/h (60 mph), major roads (class A roads), and single carriageway roads are significant in both sections. The study proposes various measures to mitigate the severity of pedestrian-vehicle crashes, such as improving lighting conditions, enhancing pedestrian infrastructure, reducing speed limits in crash-prone areas, and promoting education and awareness among pedestrians and drivers. The findings and suggested measures could help policymakers and practitioners develop effective strategies and interventions to reduce the severity of these incidents and enhance pedestrian safety.


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  • Accession Number: 01890858
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 24 2023 9:30AM