Fast Spatiotemporal Learning Framework for Traffic Flow Forecasting

The graph convolution network (GCN), whose flexible convolution kernels perfectly adapt to the complex topology of the road network, has gradually dominated the spatiotemporal dependency learning of traffic flow data. Defining and learning the spatiotemporal characteristics and relationships of the traffic network efficiently and accurately, which are the important prerequisites for the success of the GCN, have become one of the most burning research problems in the field of intelligent transportation systems. This paper proposes a fast spatiotemporal learning (FSTL) framework containing the fast spatiotemporal GCN module, which reduces the computational complexity of the spatiotemporal GCN from ${\cal O(k^{2})}$ to ${\mathcal{ O(k)}}$ , where $k$ is the number of time steps of data learned in each GCN operation. To mine globally and fast the correlations of road node pairs, a correlation analysis based on the normal distribution with the complexity of ${\mathcal{ O(N)}}$ , where $N$ is the number of nodes in the traffic network, is proposed to construct the global correlation matrix. Besides, the multi-scale temporal learning is integrated into the FSTL to overcome the receptive field constraints of the spatiotemporal GCN. The experimental results on four real-world datasets demonstrate that the FSTL achieves 48.88% and 5.26% reductions in the training time and mean absolute error, respectively, compared with the state-of-the-art model.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01901196
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 1 2023 9:13AM