Development and Assessment of Integrated Hydrogen and Renewable Energy Systems for a Sustainable City

Advances in renewable energies, hydrogen, electrification, and improvements in efficiency are projected to be the main avenues for carbon emission reductions. Therefore, a combination of renewable energy sources integrated with hydrogen production is needed to meet set climate targets. The novel system studied in this paper promotes renewable energies, hydrogen production, and electrification to reduce and eliminate the dependency on fossil fuels for sustainability. The chosen communities for this study were in Canada [A], South Africa [B], the Netherlands [C], and Denmark [D]. The proposed system consisted of wind (including offshore), PV solar, and biomass-based integrated system for, power generation, heat recovery, fresh water, bioethanol, and hydrogen production. Hydrogen production was considered using a proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolyzer and excess electricity generated from renewables. Sustainable fuel sources for transportation proposed in this system were hydrogen, electrical charging stations, and bioethanol. All locations had good potential for renewable power generation and hydrogen production. The maximum capacities for the wind and solar farms were selected as 187.5 MW and 32.7 MW respectively. The actual power generated from the plants varied based on the climate conditions of the different locations. At the maximum wind and solar power generated (without accounting for community electrical demand), the following were the maximum annual potential for hydrogen generation; 307 tons for location [A], 232 tons for location [B], 399 tons for location [C] and 487 tons for location [D].


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  • Accession Number: 01890620
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 23 2023 3:24PM