Modeling and Analysis of Edge Caching for 6G mmWave Vehicular Networks

As one of the most promising solutions, edge caching is emerging to reduce the content retrieval latency and relieve the huge burden on the backhaul links in the 6th generation (6G) millimeter wave (mmWave) intelligent vehicular networks. In this paper, the authors first formulate the optimization problem in terms of request hit probability and investigate two crucial factors, which impact the effectiveness of cache placement in device-to-device (D2D) enabled mmWave vehicular networks. Then, the general mathematical expressions for optimization of the request hit probability with the constraints of caching capacity are derived. Moreover, a group caching scheme (GCS) is proposed to obtain the sub-optimal results by utilizing relaxation method and Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions. Inspired from the Matern hard-core processes and by exploiting the spatially correlated characteristics of users distribution, hard-cored based caching algorithm (HCCA) is proposed to avoid the simultaneous caching for a particular file. In addition, a joint caching and scheduling strategy is investigated which maximizes the number of concurrent transmissions by D2D enabled vehicle pairs matching and antennas adjustment. Comprehensive simulations validate their theoretical analysis and demonstrate that the proposed scheme can achieve higher performance in terms of request hit probability and the number of concurrent transmissions compared to the existing methods. Consequently, the proposed caching scheme has great potential in future intelligent vehicular applications.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01897961
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 2023 9:14AM