Effects of thermo-oxidative aging on the macrophysical properties and microstructure of asphalt

To study the effect of thermo-oxidative aging on the physical properties and microstructure of base and modified asphalts, conventional index tests, dynamic shear rheology (DSR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were performed. The macro-physical indexes and microstructural changes in the asphalt before and after aging were analyzed. The results show that with an increase in the thermal-oxidative aging degree, the penetration degree of asphalt decreases; the softening point increases, and the high-temperature performance improves. Simultaneously, the asphalt consistency and hardness increase. This results in a significant increase in the initial modulus and glass transition temperature, decrease in the shear resistance, and degradation of the low-temperature performance. Rubber-modified asphalt exhibited the highest anti-aging performance, followed by styrene–butadiene–styrene-modified and 70# asphalts. Thermal-oxidative aging did not change the original functional group species; however, the peak area ratio of the sulfoxide and carbonyl functional groups increased significantly. After aging, the overall molecular weight of the asphalt shifted in the macromolecular direction. Weight-average and number-average molecular weights and polydispersity increased.


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  • Accession Number: 01891586
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 28 2023 9:34AM