A comparative study of vehicle-bridge interaction dynamics with 2D and 3D vehicle models

The dynamics of vehicle-bridge interaction (VBI) involve the adoption of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) vehicle models in simulations. It is worth noting that the 2D vehicle model lacks several crucial degrees of freedom and a complete road roughness compared to the 3D vehicle model. Despite the common usage of the 2D vehicle model in VBI simulations, the difference between the two models has not received sufficient attention in previous studies. Therefore, this study aims to quantitatively assess the differences in bridge response between the 2D and 3D vehicle models. To achieve this goal, the study employs a VBI modeling method based entirely on general finite element software first. Then, a series of comparisons between the 2D and 3D vehicle models are implemented through a steel composite girder bridge and a cable-stayed bridge. The results indicate that road roughness significantly contributes to the observed differences. Specifically, the 2D vehicle model generates larger bridge responses than the 3D vehicle model, primarily due to the absence of rolling and vibration cancellation effects. Furthermore, the differences between the two models increase as the road surface roughness worsens, with a maximum difference of 25.07 % in the cable-stayed bridge’s mid-span acceleration. Notably, the discrepancies in bridge acceleration are more significant than those in displacement or cable stress. Adopting the 2D vehicle model in VBI simulations may lead to more conservative engineering recommendations, resulting in higher economic costs and greater consumption of building materials. Thus, this study emphasizes the importance of considering the 3D vehicle model in VBI simulations, particularly for bridges with poor road conditions.


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  • Accession Number: 01891489
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 28 2023 9:34AM