How Cities Help and Hinder the Provision of Surface Public Transit

Public, fixed-route transit services most commonly operate on public streets. Transit riders use sidewalks and other pedestrian features to access transit stops and stations. However, streets and sidewalks are the jurisdiction of municipalities, not transit agencies. Various municipal policies, practices, and decisions affect transit operations, rider convenience, and passenger safety. This paper highlights municipal policies and practices that can either help or hinder public transit operation from the perspectives of five local transit agencies in the United States. Interviews with transit agency staff described common municipal policies and practices for planning, building, and regulating the “built” infrastructure that transit relies upon and related issues such as development review. Also gleaned from interviews were attitudes that municipalities may have in dealing with public transit or other “users” of roadway infrastructure. Five topic areas of municipal policies and practices were identified that significantly affect the provision of public transport services. The understanding, acknowledgement, and implementation of policies and practices identified in this report can help municipalities proactively work with local transit providers to more efficiently and effectively operate service.


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  • Accession Number: 01893091
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 13 2023 10:23AM