Stiffness of cold-recycled mixtures under variable deformation conditions in the IT-CY test

Stiffness modulus belongs to the most important properties describing the cold-recycled mixtures (CRM) in terms of their usability in road pavement structures. Previous research proved that this property is strongly dependent on the scheme and conditions of the test (temperature and time of loading) and the time that has passed since the compaction of the specimen or pavement layer. It is a result of the influence of two different types of bonds – hydraulic bonds from cement and bituminous bonds from bituminous emulsion or foamed bitumen. Research presented in this paper showed that the target horizontal deformation values selected during the stiffness modulus test have a strong impact on the obtained results as well. In this paper the popular Indirect Tensile Stiffness Modulus (ITSM) test on cylindrical specimen (IT-CY scheme) was used to show the dependence of the stiffness modulus values on the selected target horizontal deformation level. Research was conducted on four different CRM mixtures and three reference materials. The research proved that even for a narrow deformation range the CRMs do not present linear viscoelastic behavior and display very high effort of material even for typical test conditions. In consequence, they are very prone to failure. Research also proved that CRM mixtures present different rheological behavior than cement concrete or asphalt concrete, and more attention should be given to establishing proper test conditions. Based on the research, it was determined that the recommended target horizontal deformation in IT-CY test of CRM should be reduced to 3 µm.


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  • Accession Number: 01888888
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 26 2023 3:59PM