Designing Airline Hub-and-Spoke Network and Fleet Size by a Biobjective Model Based on Passenger Preferences and Value of Time

This study presents a biobjective hub-and-spoke (HS) network design model for the global air passenger networks. The model explores the tradeoff between the total airline cost (airline preference) and lost time cost for passengers (user preference) as the model’s objectives. Most previous studies have focused on airline objectives and established HS networks based on the viewpoint of airlines, despite the importance of passenger objectives. Poor passenger service and inconvenience and dissatisfaction may lead to network breakdown. The major criteria for passenger dissatisfaction in HS networks are schedule and trip delays caused by nondirect flights. These delays (the lost time cost for passengers) are multiplied by the passengers’ value of time (VOT) and minimized as one of the model’s objectives. Another objective that is minimized is the transportation costs of the airline depending on the services provided (short-, medium-, and large-haul flights). The model is solved in a case study (Iranian Aeronautics Network) that is applied to the well-known yearbook of tourism statistics data. Pareto frontier was found for all candidate airports. Also, the number of aircraft required (short-, medium-, and large-haul), as well as the average load factor for different types of aircraft in various weights of the first objective (airline costs), was presented. The results of Pareto frontier indicated that Imam Khomeini International Airport should be selected as the global hub airport for Iran international flight network. Otherwise, Shiraz International Airport and Tabriz International Airport (as the first alternative), as well as Isfahan International Airport and Mashhad International Airport (as the second alternative), would be the best choices. The weight of the first objective (airline costs) seems to be between 0.7 to 1, a practical and logical weight that can reduce passenger costs (as the second objective) by 20% on average by adding only 15 long-haul, 40 medium-haul, and 37 short-haul aircraft to the airline’s fleet. Also, in this range, the average load factor for medium- and long-haul aircrafts is greater than 0.9, which seems to be ideal.


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  • Accession Number: 01885332
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 20 2023 10:09AM