Parking's broad influence over travel in the modern urban setting is discussed, including recent changes in urban priorities and transport policies created by contemporary concerns for environment, energy, and air pollution. Downtown parking issues and options are reviewed. They include questions related to how parking affects and is affected by many other factors, including community development, environemental concerns, transportation goals, existing parking facilities and street systems, urban and suburban transit stops and the like. The impacts of increasing or decreasing automobile access are depicted. Three basic city center types are identified and described: extensively transit-oriented, intermediate transit use, and predominantly automobile oriented. The basic problems posed by commuter parking are covered, as are options for dealing with them. Four options for downtown parking and transportation policy are presented: trend projection, maintain present auto-transit balance, all future growth by transit, and reduce the number of automobiles accumulated downtown. Air quality considerations are mentioned. Parking supply and demand can be adjusted by stabilizing downtown parking supply, revising parking rates to encourage short-term use, and implementing new zoning policies to limit parking. Each option is discussed. Urban parking policies require community participation. The groups and concerns involved are reviewed. Parking guidelines are suggested for major transit corridors. Recommendations are made on issues to be considered in forming parking policies and programs in the future.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Published in Urban Transportation Perspectives and Prospects.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Newcastle University, Australia

    Department of Community Programmes
    Newcastle, New South Wales 2308,   Australia 

    Eno Transportation Foundation

    P.O. Box 2055, Saugatuck Station
    Westport, CT  United States  06880-0055
  • Authors:
    • Levinson, H S
  • Publication Date: 1982

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00399709
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: HS-037 987
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 31 1985 12:00AM