Real-Time Cooperative Vehicle Coordination at Unsignalized Road Intersections

Cooperative coordination at unsignalized road intersections, which aims to improve the driving safety and traffic throughput for connected and automated vehicles (CAVs), has attracted increasing interests in recent years. However, most existing investigations either suffer from computational complexity or cannot harness the full potential of the road infrastructure. To this end, the authors first present a dedicated intersection coordination framework, where the involved vehicles hand over their control authorities and follow instructions from a centralized coordinator. Then a unified cooperative trajectory planning problem will be formulated to maximize the traffic throughput while ensuring driving safety. To address the key computational challenges in the real-world deployment, they reformulate this non-convex sequential decision-making problem into a model-free Markov Decision Process (MDP) and tackle it by devising a Twin Delayed Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (TD3)-based strategy in the deep reinforcement learning (DRL) framework. Simulation and practical experiments show that the proposed strategy could achieve near-optimal performance in sub-static coordination scenarios and significantly improve the traffic throughput in the realistic continuous traffic flow. The most remarkable advantage is that their strategy could reduce the time complexity of computation to milliseconds, and is shown scalable when the road lanes increase.


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  • Accession Number: 01893954
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 22 2023 9:06AM