Decelerations for Vehicles with Anti-lock Brake Systems (ABS) on Dry Asphalt and Concrete Road Surfaces

Anti-lock brake systems (ABS) produce high levels of vehicle deceleration under emergency braking conditions by modulating tire slip. Currently there are limited data available to quantify the mean, variance, and distribution of vehicle deceleration levels for modern ABS-equipped vehicles. We conducted braking tests using twenty (20) late-model vehicles on contiguous dry asphalt and concrete road surfaces. All vehicles were equipped with a 5th wheel sampled at 200 Hz, from which vehicle speed and deceleration as a function of time were calculated. Eighteen (18) tests were conducted for each vehicle and all tests were conducted from a targeted initial speed of 65 km/h (40 mph). Overall, we found that late-model ABS-equipped vehicles can decelerate at average levels that vary from about 0.871g to 1.081g across both surfaces, and that deceleration levels were on average about 0.042g higher on asphalt than on concrete. We also found that the passenger cars decelerated about 0.087g higher than the vans and SUVs. Data from these tests provide a technical foundation for estimating the mean, variance, and distribution of ABS braking levels.


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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01881749
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: SAE International
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 2023-01-0616
  • Files: TRIS, SAE
  • Created Date: May 1 2023 3:55PM