Hierarchical Decentralized Model Predictive Control for Multi-Stack Fuel Cell Vehicles Using Driving Cycle Data

The energy management strategy, commonly known as the EMS, is an essential component of fuel cell cars (FCVs). The majority of current research is concentrated on centralized emergency management systems (Cen-EMSs), but it does not provide sufficient flexibility (plug-and-play) or robustness. Regarding this matter, a hierarchical decentralized energy management system (Dec-EMS) that is based on a model predictive control (MPC) technique is offered for a modular FCV powertrain that is comprised of two parallel proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) and an energy storage system. Gain scheduling makes the proposed Dec-EMS controller more effective in terms of its performance. The hierarchical decentralized control approach is assessed within the framework of a driving scenario that is representative of real-world conditions. According to the numerical result, the decentralized emergency management system (Dec-EMS) proposal provides superior performance than the centralized approach.


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  • Accession Number: 01881405
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: SAE International
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 2023-01-0178
  • Files: TRIS, SAE
  • Created Date: Apr 27 2023 5:02PM