Investigating Project Bundling Practices for Transportation Construction Projects

Project Bundling is a contract procurement strategy that is being widely used by many State Transportation Agencies (STAs). It is claimed that project bundling can reduce project costs and expedite project delivery. To understand the current state of the practice and perception about project bundling among STA representatives as well as how practices and perceptions differ with STA’s level of project bundling experience, a survey was conducted. This report presents the detailed findings of the survey, including the benefits and challenges of the bundling method. The survey found that STAs acknowledged that the project bundling helps reduce individual project costs in a bundle as well as agency administrative costs and provides an individual project with the flexibility to schedule around other projects in a bundle. Project bundling was found to have a major impact on the cost and delivery time of the project. The major factors that are considered for bundling effectiveness were found to be work type, project type, and spatial proximity. The major concern that most of the STAs had during bundling was that the bundled projects may eliminate the competition from smaller contractors. However, the concerns over the bundling method were found to be less in agencies with a high-level experience with bundling. The survey also found that the majority of STAs have not quantified the impact of the project bundling. However, some STAs are in the process of collecting adequate data as they continue practicing bundling so that they can quantify. To help STAs to implement project bundling more efficiently, a semi-structured interviews and follow-up correspondence with 16 representatives from different STAs and a public agency was conducted to extact best practices. The study found that there are different variations of project bundling strategies (for instance, optional-tie or mandatory-tie) and bundling approaches (scope-based or location-based) utilized by the agencies. In the end, the best practices of project bundling are presented as a flowchart to help STAs better implement project bundling.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01880457
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: CDOT-2023-02
  • Contract Numbers: TPF-5(260) – Project 6 5260.06
  • Created Date: Apr 21 2023 9:51AM