Spatiotemporal variations of NO₂ and its driving factors in the coastal ports of China

Nitrogen Dioxide (NO₂) is one of the major air pollutants in coastal ports of China. Understanding the spatiotemporal varying effects of driving factors of NO₂ is vital for the implementation of differentiated air pollution control measures for different port areas. Based on the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) satellite data, the authors adopted a Geographically and Temporally Weighted Regression (GTWR) model to explore the influences of meteorological and socioeconomic factors on the NO₂ Vertical Column Concentrations (VCDs) in coastal ports of China from 2015 to 2021. The results indicate that NO₂ VCD in most ports has decreased since 2016 and the ports with serious NO₂ pollution are mainly distributed in northern China. The associations between NO₂ VCD levels and their drivers exhibit obvious spatiotemporal heterogeneity. Higher wind speed and relative humidity are more helpful to alleviate NO₂ pollution in ports of the Bohai Rim and the Pearl River Delta. Cargo throughput has more closely associated with NO₂ pollution in Beibu Gulf in recent years, yet there is no significant association found for Shanghai ports. The positive relationship between transportation emissions and NO₂ VCD is more significant in southern ports. This work provides some implications for the formulation of targeted emission reduction policies for different ports along the Chinese coast.


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  • Accession Number: 01883157
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 23 2023 10:12AM