Cumulative cyclic response of offshore monopile in sands

Satisfactory performance of offshore wind turbines is governed by the cyclic response of its foundation under wind and wave. Most methods of evaluating the lateral cumulative deformation of monopile due to cyclic loading are based on small-diameter pile tests installed in dry sand. This paper investigates the cumulative deformation of large-diameter monopiles installed in saturated sand. A numerical model was developed employing FLAC3D and was validated by comparing its predictions with the results of triaxial tests and centrifuge tests. The validated numerical model was used to evaluate and compare the cyclic responses of monopiles between saturated case and no pore pressure case. To evaluate the cumulative deformation for offshore monopile due to cyclic loading, the numerical model was refined to account for the effects of number and amplitude and frequency of cyclic loading, soil permeability coefficient, soil relative density and pile diameter. It was found that the larger subsidence and the less capacity of soil around the pile is caused by accumulation and dissipation of transient excess pore pressure, thus the monopile in saturated sand would experience the larger cumulative deformation. Correspondingly, based on this parametric study, an analytical model was developed to calculate the pile-top cumulative displacement of offshore large-diameter monopile under lateral cyclic loading considering the effects of pile diameter. This analytical model was validated against the results of centrifuge tests and model pile tests in saturated sands.


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  • Accession Number: 01874681
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 27 2023 8:51AM