It is recognised by aid agencies throughout the world that projects involving the construction of physical facilities, however valuable in their own right are less important in the long run than the development of a sound and viable local "institution". In this context institutional development encompasses not only the institution itself, but also the whole array of government policies that condition the environment in which the institution operates. Experience has shown that insufficient attention to the institutional aspects of a project can lead to problems during its implementation. The appraisal of the institutional measures of a proposed project should therefore address questions, such as whether the entity is properly organized, whether its management is adequate to do the job, whether local capabilities are being used effectively, and whether policy or institutional changes are required outside the entity to achieve project objectives. This paper describes procedures developed by the author for carrying out institutional diagnostic studies aimed at answering such questions. The study methodology makes use of Agency Responsibility Analyses (ARA's) and Agency Performance Evaluations (APE's) both of which can be carried out at national and local levels. Although the example given in this paper covers the urban transport sector, the procedures could be readily adapted for other sectors such as national transport planning or urban planning. The procedures described in this paper were developed during a World Bank sponsored research project carried out by the author in 1982. The main focus of the study was on institution building for traffic management. The procedures described in this paper are contained in an annex to the study report which can be obtained fro the World Bank's publication department ("Institution Building for Traffic Management", World Bank Technical Paper No. 8, Urban Development Technical Paper No. 7). (Author/TRRL)

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was presented at Seminar G, Developing Countries, held at the PTRC Annual Summer Meeting, University of Warwick, England, 4-7 July, 1983.
  • Corporate Authors:

    PTRC Education and Research Services Limited

    110 Strand
    London WC2,   England 
  • Authors:
    • BARRETT, R
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1983

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: p. 283-298

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00382754
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-112-4
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Volume P240
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 30 1984 12:00AM