The impact of road and parking pricing on traffic congestion in the major shopping areas of regional cities

Over several decades, road authorities around the world have implemented road pricing to help reduce traffic congestion. Most implementations of pricing have been for Central Business Districts (CBD) of very large cities, which usually incorporate a range of retail and commercial activities. The research problems were the congestion resulting from shopping trips to the CBDs of regional cities, and the lack of research on regional cities, shopping behavioural knowledge in the case of road pricing and increasing parking pricing, and the price elasticity of shopping demand in regional contexts. The research objectives were to understand the reasons for traffic congestion in the CBDs of regional cities, to identify the key variables governing shopping activity in regional cities, and to investigate the effect of road pricing and increasing parking pricing on shopping trip congestion in regional cities’ CBDs. This thesis presents an investigation into the impacts of the introduction of road charges and increasing parking fees on shopping trips in the Central Business Districts of Australian regional cities. The research methodology started with choosing a typical regional city. The regional city of Toowoomba, Queensland. Australia was selected as a representative case study and demographic data obtained. A survey was designed to examine the predominant variables in shopping activity and to source views on any impact on consumer behaviour by the introduction of road pricing and increasing parking pricing. The results of the research study would be applicable in other Australian regional cities with similar demographics.


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01850883
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB Group Limited
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 30 2022 12:04PM