Evaluation of Compression Algorithms for 3D Pavement Image Data

A standard interchangeable data format was recently developed through the Transportation Pooled-Fund Study TPF-5(299) to meet different requirements and needs for two- and three-dimensional (2D/3D) pavement image data storage and exchange. Considering pavement images occupy large amounts of storage space, efficient compression algorithms for both 8-bit 2D and higher-bit 3D images become one of the key components for a successful implementation of the standard. Highway agencies and industry vendors exclusively use the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) or its successor JPEG 2000 standard for 2D image compression, while the compression of 3D 16-bit images remains to be proprietary. The goal of this paper is to evaluate suitable algorithms for compressing 3D pavement images. An overview of the state-of-the-art pavement image data collection technologies was performed, and the relevant image data formats were identified. Subsequently, five compression algorithms suitable for 16-bit image data were selected based on results from a comprehensive survey of the TPF-5(299) technical community. The compressions of several representative field images were implemented and evaluated in terms of the computation efficiency and retaining of image quality. The expected benefits of this study include facilitating standard and efficient pavement image data collection and accelerating the development of consistent pavement condition evaluation.


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  • Accession Number: 01787035
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Oct 29 2021 5:45PM