Exploring English Language Needs of Indonesian Marine Pilots: A Need Analysis and Its Implications in ESP Classrooms

This study was aimed to investigate the English language needs of Indonesian Marine Pilots. Using a qualitative descriptive method of research, this study involved 14 Indonesian marine pilots and 2 Maritime English teachers. An open-ended questionnaire, interviews, and observations during a pilotage simulation were used to collect data. In addition to that, the result of the Marlins English Test for Seafarers was also used to support the data analysis. This study revealed that to conduct safe and effective pilotage services, the marine pilots need the following language skills: giving advice and giving order, asking and giving information (exchanging information), and using the Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP). This study also showed that the marine pilots need improvements in their linguistic competence. They have problems in grammar or sentence structure, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Realizing their shortcomings, the Indonesian marine pilots want to improve their English competence, especially their speaking skills in conducting interpersonal conversations as well as transactional conversations. They also want to improve their writing skill. The findings indicate that in the teaching of Maritime English for marine pilots, it is important to provide learners with meaningful learning experience by using roleplays and simulations and address the communicative competence comprehensively.


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01832098
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 29 2021 2:43PM