Measurement of particle agglomeration and aggregate breakdown of reclaimed asphalt pavement

Cold milling of old asphalt pavement is widespread in pavement resurfacing. It produces reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and changes the state of the old asphalt pavement; the pavement is cut into particles, known as RAP particles. RAP particles are composed of many smaller aggregates bonded by the aged binder (particle agglomeration). The aggregates contained in the old pavement can be crushed into smaller pieces in the milling operation (aggregate breakdown). Particle agglomeration increases the risk of insufficient moisture stability and fatigue resistance of the recycled asphalt mixture; aggregate breakdown often prevents the use of a higher RAP content in the new mixture. In this study, the effect of these two problems is studied through a pavement maintenance project. The effect of milling speed on the RAP particle agglomeration rate is evaluated. The size-susceptibility of the agglomerate d particles, gradation deviation of the recycled mixture, and morphology classification of RAP particles are discussed. The effect of milling speed on aggregate breakdown is also investigated. The results show that approximately 30%–50% of RAP particles are made of aggregates smaller than the corresponding particle size. The agglomeration rate increases with an increase in milling speed and RAP particle size. High milling speed produces a lower rate of aggregate breakdown, resulting in a higher coarse aggregate content and a lower filler and fine aggregate content than a low milling speed.


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  • Accession Number: 01776969
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 23 2021 3:23PM