A Reduced-Order Electrochemical Model for All-Solid-State Batteries

All-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) have been considered as the next generation of lithium-ion batteries. Physics-based models have the advantage of providing internal electrochemical information. To promote physics-based models in real-time applications, in this study, a series of model reduction methods are applied to obtain a reduced-order model (ROM) for ASSBs. First, analytical solutions of the partial differential equations (PDEs) are derived by the Laplace transform. Then, the Padé approximation method is used to convert the transcendental transfer functions into lower order fractional transfer functions. Next, the concentration distributions in electrodes and electrolytes are approximated by parabolic and cubic functions, respectively. Due to the fast calculation of concentration distributions in real time, the equilibrium potential, overpotentials, and battery voltage can now be directly calculated. Compared with the original PDE-based model, the voltage errors of the proposed ROM are less than 2.6 mV. Compared with the voltage response of experimental data, a good agreement can be observed for the ROM under three large C-rates discharging conditions. The calculation time of ROM per step is within 0.2 ms, which means that it can be integrated into a battery management system. The proposed ROM achieves excellent performance and a better tradeoff between model fidelity and computational complexity.


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  • Accession Number: 01774969
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 24 2021 4:40PM