Cycling in Australia and Japan: some preliminary perspectives

Cycling remains a marginalised mode across most of Australia with less than 1% of daily trips made by bicycle (Pucher, Garrard, & Greaves, 2010). The reasons behind this are well-documented as are potential policy options for increasing cycling levels (Pucher, Garrard, & Greaves, 2010). However, the reality is that Australian cities have been much less effective in mirroring/sustaining recent increases in cycling in cities without a strong cycling culture, such as London, Paris, Vienna, Buenos Aires and San Francisco (Pucher & Buehler, 2017). More worryingly, the objectives of the latest National Cycling Strategy to double cycling participation from 2011 to 2016, have not been achieved with declines in most Australian states (Munro, 2017). This demise has been attributed to various reasons including an aging population, safety concerns, and legislation that has significantly increased the penalties and enforcement for ‘cycling misdemeanours’ in some jurisdictions, particularly New South Wales (Standen, Greaves, Collins, Crane, & Rissel, 2019). Musings on the state of cycling in Australia invariably focuses on Northern Europe, where bicycling mode shares range from a high of 27% in the Netherlands to 18% in Denmark and around 10% in Finland, Germany, Sweden, and Belgium (Pucher & Buehler, 2008). Invariably, one of the main conclusions reached is that we will not achieve meaningful increases in cycling, without investing heavily in infrastructure. Recent evidence from Sydney does highlight the importance of dedicated infrastructure for retaining cyclists (Standen, Crane, Collins, Greaves, & Rissel, 2016), but the reality is that it is unlikely we will be able to replicate this on the scale of Amsterdam or Copenhagen.


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 9 p
  • Monograph Title: 41st Australasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), 30 September to 2 October 2019, Canberra, ACT

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01733722
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB Group Limited
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 19 2020 10:48AM