An Innovative Multi-Sensor Fusion Algorithm to Enhance Positioning Accuracy of an Instrumented Bicycle

Cycling is an increasingly popular mode of travel in cities, but its poor safety record currently acts as a hurdle to its wider adoption as a real alternative to the private car. A particular source of hazard appears to originate from the interaction of cyclists with motorized traffic at low speeds in urban areas. But while technological advances in recent years have resulted in numerous attempts at systems for preventing cyclist-vehicle collisions, these have generally encountered the challenge of accurate cyclist localization. This paper addresses this challenge by introducing an innovative bicycle localization algorithm, which is derived from the geometrical relationships and kinematics of bicycles. The algorithm relies on the measurement of a set of kinematic variables (such as yaw, roll, and steering angles) through low-cost on-board sensors. It then employs a set of Kalman filters to predict-correct the direction and position of the bicycle and fuse the measurements in order to improve positioning accuracy. The capabilities of the algorithm are then demonstrated through a real-world field experiment using an instrumented bicycle, called “iBike”, in an urban environment. The results show that the proposed fusion achieves considerably lower positioning errors than that would be achieved based on dead-reckoning alone, which makes the algorithm a credible basis for the development of future collision warning and avoidance systems.


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  • Accession Number: 01737778
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 24 2020 5:29PM