Volume I: Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Self-Consolidating Concrete for Repair of Bridge Sub-Structures and Fiber Reinforced Super Workable Concrete for Infrastructure Construction

The proposed research investigates the combined use of self-consolidating concrete (SCC) and fibers reinforcements to develop a novel repair material, fiber-reinforced self-consolidating concrete (FR-SCC) that can be used for the rehabilitation and strengthening of existing structures. Furthermore, the feasibility of using super workable concrete (SWC) reinforced with different types of fibers for new structural cast-in-place applications is investigated. The use of SCC matrix can greatly enhance the workability of fibrous mixtures along with incorporation of greater volume of fibers. SWC is a new type of flowable concrete with lower workability than SCC. Containing lower binder content can be more cost effective than SCC. SWC requires some mechanical consolidation energy to ensure proper filling of the formwork. Eight types of fibers, including a propylene synthetic fiber, five steel fibers and a hybrid steel and polypropylene synthetic fiber were investigated. Fibers were incorporated at a volume of 0.5% in FR-SCC and at 0.5% and 0.75% in FR-SWC. Two types of expansive agents (EA), Type G and Type K, were added to both concrete types to reduce shrinkage and enhance resistance to restrained shrinkage cracking. The optimized mixtures exhibited high workability, mechanical properties, and freeze/thaw durability. The incorporation of fibers with 4% Type-G EA in FR-SCC increased the 56-day flexural strength by up to 32%, and flexural toughness up to 23 times. The incorporation of 0.5% of the 1.18 in. (30-mm) hooked end steel fibers (ST1) in FR-SCC made with 4% Type-G EA increased the elapsed time to cracking determined from restrained shrinkage ring test from 16 to 20 days compared to FR-SCC made with 0.5% ST1 fibers without EA. The use of ST1 steel fibers and 4% Type-G EA decreased the 1-year drying shrinkage by 48% compared to the reference SCC mixture without any fibers and expansive agent. In case of FR-SWC, the decrease in shrinkage was 37% compared to SWC. In addition, 20 monolithic full-scale beams were cast using different types of concrete, including conventional vibrated concrete (CVC), fiber-reinforced conventional vibrated concrete (FR-CVC), SCC, FR-SCC, SWC and FR-SWC. Twelve reinforced concrete beams were cast using CVC to fill two thirds of the beam height. They were then filled with five different types of FR-SCC and SCC to simulate beam repair in the tension zone. Findings indicated that macro fibers can be used with FR-SCC designated for repair with fiber length ≤ 2 in. (50 mm) up to 0.5% fiber volume. Macro fibers can be used with FR-SWC designated for construction with fiber length ≤ 2.6 in. (65 mm) up to 0.75% fiber volume. Fibers had great impact on structural performance of the full-scale monolithic beams. The incorporation of 0.5% of the 1.18 in. (30-mm) hooked end steel fibers combined with 0.5 in. (13-mm) straight steel fibers at ratio 4 to 1 (STST) with 4% Type-G EA increased toughness of FR-SWC beams by 95% compared to SWC beams and by 86% in case of 0.75% 5D fibers. Repair using FR-SCC increased the flexural capacity of the beam by 6% and the toughness by 110% in case of using 0.5% ST1 fibers with 4% Type-G EA.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This research was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, University Transportation Centers Program.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla

    Center for Infrastructure Engineering Studies
    Rolla, MO  United States  65409

    Missouri Department of Transportation

    Jefferson City, MO  United States  65102

    Research on Concrete Applications for Sustainable Transportation (RE-CAST)

    Missouri University of Science and Technology
    Rolla, MO  United States  65409-0710

    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

    University Transportation Centers Program
    Department of Transportation
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Khayat, Kamal H
    • Abdelrazik, Ahmed
  • Publication Date: 2020-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 197p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01730815
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: RECAST UTC # 00046732
  • Contract Numbers: DTRT13-G-UTC45
  • Created Date: Feb 11 2020 4:47PM