A Topological Approach to Secure Message Dissemination in Vehicular Networks

Secure message dissemination is an important issue in vehicular networks, especially considering the vulnerability of vehicle-to-vehicle message dissemination to malicious attacks. Traditional security mechanisms, largely based on message encryption and key management, can only guarantee secure message exchanges between a known source and destination pairs. In vehicular networks, however, every vehicle may learn its surrounding environment and contributes as a source, while in the meantime, acting as a destination or a relay of information from other vehicles, and message exchanges often occur between “stranger” vehicles. This makes secure message dissemination against malicious tampering much more intricate. For secure message dissemination in vehicular networks against insider attackers, who may tamper the content of the disseminated messages, ensuring the consistency and integrity of the transmitted messages becomes a major concern which the traditional message encryption and key management-based approaches fall short to provide. However, it is challenging for a vehicle to distinguish which message is true when the messages received from multiple nearby vehicles are conflicting. In this paper, by incorporating the underlying network topology information, the authors propose an optimal decision algorithm that is able to maximize the chance of making a correct decision on the message content, assuming the prior knowledge of the percentage of malicious vehicles in the network. Furthermore, a novel heuristic decision algorithm is proposed that can make decisions without the aforementioned knowledge of the percentage of malicious vehicles. The simulations are conducted to compare the security performance achieved by their proposed decision algorithms with that achieved by the existing ones that do not consider or only partially consider the topological information to verify the effectiveness of the algorithms. Their results show that by incorporating the network topology information, the security performance can be much improved. This paper sheds light on the optimum algorithm design for secure message dissemination.


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  • Accession Number: 01732447
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 28 2020 5:10PM