Selective absorption of swelling rubber in hot and warm asphalt binder fractions

The use of waste tire rubber as asphalt modifier has been a practice-ready technology. However, the interaction among components within asphalt rubber (AR) and warm asphalt rubber (WAR) is still unclear. During the blending process, the swelling rubber releases polymer agents in asphalt and absorbs components from both asphalt and warm mix asphalt (WMA) additive simultaneously. The component interaction significantly influences the final rheological properties. A comprehensive understanding of the selective absorption of crumb rubber during the blending process provides references to optimize the material and procedure design of rubberized asphalt. To this end, one AR and two WARs were prepared with three mixing durations. The liquid phases and crumb rubber particles were separated. The separated swelling rubber particles were then processed by the staged extraction method to divide the asphalt-rubber interacting area from outside to inside into four layers. The absorption preference of swelling rubber and its influence on rheological properties were investigated by chemical and rheological tests. Test results showed that asphalt fractions with smaller molecular weight were absorbed into deeper layers of swelling rubber. By contrast, crumb rubber was found to be reluctant to absorb the fractions with CO bond during the mixing process. In addition, the Fischer Tropsch (FT) wax showed a negligible influence on the absorption preference, while the effect of surfactant on absorption preference was significant. Finally, the relationship between absorption preference and rheological properties was established. It was found that the absorption preference of crumb rubber is beneficial to the rutting resistance of rubberized asphalt.


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  • Accession Number: 01726692
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 26 2019 4:04PM