Indoor Localization System Based on Hybrid Wi-Fi/BLE and Hierarchical Topological Fingerprinting Approach

Wi-Fi-based localization using received signal strength (RSS) with pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) algorithm is widely used to track pedestrians in indoor environments. However, the unsatisfactory deployment of Wi-Fi access points (APs) in buildings and the unstable performance of PDR are still key problems that lead to low localization accuracy. In this paper, we make contributions on proposing a hybrid Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) indoor localization system (ILS) based on an efficient BLE deployment strategy and hierarchical topological fingerprinting (HTF). For the BLE deployment strategy, we deploy BLE beacons in places that do not have clear Wi-Fi signals for localization. This efficiently increases the localization accuracy. For HTF, we hierarchically localize targets based on a topological fingerprint (TF) map. First of all, we quickly localize the room in which the target is located by Dendogram-based support vector machine (DSVM). Then, the specific position of the target is estimated by fusing Wi-Fi and BLE signals with the TF map. The new BLE-based fingerprinting algorithm is used to localize targets in environments sparsely populated by BLE beacons. We conduct physical experiments in a real building. The experimental results demonstrate that the beacons deployed based on the authors' proposed deployment strategy results in greater localization accuracy. Furthermore, the HTF approach performs better than the other commonly used localization methods.


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  • Accession Number: 01726042
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 20 2019 4:25PM