Use of Banana Fibers in SMA Mixtures

Asphalt binder draindown is a potential issue related to stone matrix asphalt (SMA) mixtures. One convenient approach for reducing binder drainage is the use of fibers as stabilizing additives. This study assesses the feasibility of incorporating fibers from banana plants into an SMA mixture as a proposed use for residues from banana cultivation. The authors found the fiber content capable of preventing draindown and subsequently evaluated the influence of fiber length on the mechanical properties of an SMA mixture. Samples were prepared in a Superpave gyratory compactor with four different fiber lengths (5, 10, 15, and 20 mm) at a fixed content (0.3% by weight) and then compared to samples without fibers. Indirect tensile strength, resilient and dynamic modulus, flow number, and fatigue life tests were conducted. Overall, fibers improved the mechanical properties analyzed. These enhancements were more pronounced for the samples with 15- and 20-mm fibers. Thus, a smaller number of longer fibers was more beneficial to the fiber reinforcement of mixtures than a larger number of shorter fibers.

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    • © 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.
  • Authors:
    • Ferreira da Costa, Laiana
    • de Figueirêdo Lopes Lucena, Lêda Christiane
    • Lucena, Adriano Christiane de Figueirêdo Lopes
    • Grangeiro de Barros, Ablenya
  • Publication Date: 2020-1


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01722651
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Nov 15 2019 1:45PM