Trends in School-Age Pedestrian and Pedalcyclist Crashes in the USA: 26 States, 2000–2014

This article reports on a study undertaken to examine trends in motor vehicle crashes involving school-age pedestrians and bicyclists in the US, using data from 26 states for the years 2000-2014. The authors obtained recent police-reported crash data from the 26 states, and then calculated population rates of pedestrian and bicyclist crashes, crash fatality rates and pedestrian commuter-adjusted crash rates (‘pedestrian danger index’) for school-age children as compared with other age groups. The authors explored heterogeneity by age and geography to expand and deepen the analysis of trends by age, injury status, day and travel hour using hierarchical linear modeling. The study found that school-age children accounted for nearly one in three pedestrians and one in two bicyclists struck in motor vehicle crashes from 2000 to 2014. Yet, the rates of these crashes declined 40% and 53%, respectively, over that time. Average crash rates varied geographically from 24.4 to 100.8 pedestrians and 15.6 to 56.7 bicyclists struck per 100,000 youth. Crash rates and fatality rates were inversely correlated. The authors do not hypothesize about the reasons for these trends. The authors note that the growing body of crash data resources that are not standardized state-to-state can present analytic challenges that rich data can provide unique insights into national and local pedestrian crash trends for all crash outcomes.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01773059
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 26 2021 11:18AM