Investigating inter-generational changes in activity-travel behavior: a disaggregate approach

Investigation into the long-term trends in travel behavior is crucial for strategic development of transport systems and decisions about investment in transport infrastructures. There has been a debate about if there is a constant amount of time allocated for travel and thus an upper limit to daily travel demand. Recent studies have suggested a stagnated and even declining trend of car ownership and travel demand in developed countries (the so-called ‘peak car’ and ‘peak travel’ phenomenon). This study aims at exploring the possible long-term trends in activity-travel behavior in Hong Kong to shed some light on the ‘peak travel’ debate. We have acquired two large-scale datasets from Hong Kong’s Travel Characteristics Survey conducted a decade apart and applied propensity score matching to match individuals of similar socioeconomic backgrounds from different time periods and compare their activity-travel behavior. Results indicate that households and individuals with similar socioeconomic backgrounds at the two periods have distinctively different car ownership levels and daily travel and activity behaviors.

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    • Copyright © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media New York.The contents of this paper reflect the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views or policies of the Transportation Research Board or the National Academy of Sciences.
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  • Publication Date: 2019-10

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01723170
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 20 2019 9:49AM