Finite Element–Based Machine-Learning Approach to Detect Damage in Bridges under Operational and Environmental Variations

In the last decades, the long-term structural health monitoring of civil structures has been mainly performed using two approaches: model based and data based. The former approach tries to identify damage by relating the monitoring data to the prediction of numerical (e.g., finite-element) models of the structure. The latter approach is data driven, where measured data from a given state condition are compared to the baseline or reference condition. A challenge in both approaches is to make the distinction between the changes of the structural response caused by damage and environmental or operational variability. This issue was tackled here using a hybrid technique that integrates model- and data-based approaches into structural health monitoring. Data recorded in situ under normal conditions were combined with data obtained from finite-element simulations of more extreme environmental and operational scenarios and input into the training process of machine-learning algorithms for damage detection. The addition of simulated data enabled a sharper classification of damage by avoiding false positives induced by wide environmental and operational variability. The procedure was applied to the Z-24 Bridge, for which 1 year of continuous monitoring data were available.


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  • Accession Number: 01706659
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: May 29 2019 9:22AM