Soil reaction curves for monopiles in clay

Large diameter steel pipe pile foundations, typically known as monopiles, are the predominant foundation solution for offshore wind turbines. This paper deals with soil reaction curves for monopile analysis under lateral loading in clay. Developed from extensive parametric finite element analyses, models are proposed that allow for construction of site-specific soil reaction curves based on the stress-strain responses measured in laboratory tests. Assisted by failure mechanisms revealed by finite element analyses, a conceptual framework is proposed to analyse the monopile response under lateral loading using the beam-column approach. The conceptual framework makes use of the p-y model for wedge failure developed in this study along the monopile above the rotation point, existing p-y model for the flow-around failure suggested in the literature below the rotation point and base shear s-u model developed in this study at the pile tip. Validation exercises against finite element simulations and field pile testing results demonstrate excellent capability of the framework to predict monopile responses. The soil reaction models proposed in this paper provide practising engineers with a simple yet powerful approach to use site-specific soil reaction curves in monopile design based on element soil behaviour measured in laboratory, without the need for advanced numerical analyses.


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  • Accession Number: 01695706
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 21 2019 9:55AM