North American Energy Integration: Information about Cooperation with Canada and Mexico and among U.S. Agencies

According to a U.S. government study, increased U.S. energy trade with Canada and Mexico—two of the United States’ top energy trade partners—is viewed as a major contributor to U.S. economic prosperity and energy security. In recent years, North American energy production has experienced changes. For example, the United States has become the world's top oil producer, Canada has substantially increased its oil outputs, and Mexico has implemented energy reforms. To address energy production and trade issues, the public sector and private sector stakeholders have advocated for further integration of the three North American countries’ energy sectors. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review the role of U.S. agencies in supporting energy integration in North America. This report examines (1) ways in which the U.S., Canadian, and Mexican governments cooperate on North American energy integration; (2) U.S. agencies’ activities to facilitate North American energy integration; (3) U.S. agencies’ efforts to coordinate among themselves on North American energy integration; (4) ways in which U.S. agencies receive feedback from U.S. industry and civil society regarding North American energy integration; and (5) steps that U.S., Canadian, and Mexican officials suggested to further facilitate North American energy integration. GAO reviewed bilateral and trilateral cooperation activities and mechanisms; surveyed U.S. agencies involved in energy integration; and interviewed U.S., Canadian, and Mexican energy officials. GAO is not making any recommendations in this report.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 59p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01678142
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: GAO-18-575
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 21 2018 9:29AM