Stochastic Modeling of Road System Performance during Multihazard Events: Flash Floods and Earthquakes

Transport resilience is an important area of research in the global effort to adapt to climate change. This paper introduces and applies a stochastic modeling methodology to assess the impact of multihazard events. Most cities are exposed to multiple types of extreme events, sometimes simultaneously, and focusing on single events may lead to inadequate design recommendations. By assigning failure probabilities of road segments and by estimating road failure through Monte Carlo simulation, roads and areas that are particularly vulnerable to multihazard events can be detected. The performance of the large-scale road network of the Tokai region in Japan (prone to both typhoons and earthquakes) is analyzed by considering three scenarios of hazards: flash flood, earthquake, and the combination of both hazards. The model considers two key traffic performance characteristics: postdisaster reduced road capacity and hourly variations in travel demand. Overall, several areas in the region are found to be currently severely at risk, thus providing direct information that can help authorities test the effectiveness of future road infrastructure projects.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01644303
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Aug 29 2017 10:07AM