Optimization design of unitized panels with stiffeners in different formats using the evolutionary strategy with covariance matrix adaptation

Curvilinear stiffener concept has been introduced to aircraft panel structures most recently for possible further weight reduction during optimization design. However, due to enlarged design space and high design complexity, more computational time is needed to optimize curvilinearly stiffened panels. Considering the requirement for both lighter structure and less design time, optimization designs of a unitized panel with stiffeners in three different formats, i.e. curvilinear, oblique, and evenly distributed straight, are conducted under various loading conditions to figure out which stiffener format should be selected in a real design environment. Four single loading cases with different compression-shear ratios and a set of multiple load cases are considered. Evolution strategy with covariance matrix adaption is combined with sequential quadratic programming to seek out the optimum structure with minimum mass taking into account buckling and strength constraints. Comparative analysis of the optimization results indicates that evenly distributed straight format is suitable for compression-dominant loading conditions whereas curvilinear format become superior in case that shear loading is considerable or multiple biaxial compression and shear loads are applied. Besides, curvilinear format adds more design flexibilities to the stiffeners, which enables them to play a more important role in the optimized structures. Furthermore, evolution strategy with covariance matrix adaption is found to be more efficient than particle swarm optimization for this optimization problem. This study can provide a useful guidance for future optimization design of aircraft structures.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01641135
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 17 2017 9:33AM