Towards the ranking of airborne particle emissions from car brakes – a system approach

Airborne particulate matter emitted from motor vehicle brakes is a contributor to urban air quality. Therefore, a method to rank brake pairs (pads and rotors) with respect to their particle emission factors in a reliable way is needed to develop a low-emission disc brake. A novel inertial disc brake dynamometer designed for brake particle emission studies, a modified SAE J 2707 cycle, an electrical low-pressure cascade impactor and a filter are used to test five different pad materials against cast-iron rotors. By changing only the pad materials, it is shown that the differences between the mass emission factor and the number emission factor of the the worst brake pair and those of the best brake pair decreases by more than four times and 19 times respectively. Furthermore, the results show that the material combination ranked the best in terms of the mass emission factor is ranked the worst in terms of the number emission factor. The results reveal that this combination of a test stand, a test cycle and particle instruments can discriminate between different brake pair materials in a reliable way in the case of the mass emission factors while more research has to be carried out in the case of the number emission factors.

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    • Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications, Ltd.
  • Authors:
    • Perricone, Guido
    • Alemani, Mattia
    • Metinöz, Ibrahim
    • Matejka, Vlastimil
    • Wahlström, Jens
    • Olofsson, Ulf
  • Publication Date: 2017-5-15

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01637960
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 14 2017 4:02PM