Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Cooperative Relay Networks With Rateless Codes

This paper investigates the simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) in cooperative relay networks, where a relay harvests energy from the radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted by a source and then uses the harvested energy to assist the information transmission from the source to its destination. Both source and relay transmissions use rateless codes (RCs), which allow the destination to employ any of the two information receiving strategies, i.e., the mutual information accumulation (IA) and the energy accumulation (EA). The SWIPT-enabled relay employs three different SWIPT receiver architectures, the ideal receiver, and two practical receivers (i.e., the power splitting (PS) receiver and the time switch (TS) receiver). Accordingly, three relaying protocols, namely, the ideal protocol, PS protocol, and TS protocol, are presented. To explore the system performance limits with these three protocols, optimization problems are formulated to maximize their achievable information rates. For the ideal protocol, explicit expressions of the optimal solutions are derived. For the PS protocol, a linear-search algorithm is designed to solve the nonconvex problems. For the TS protocol, two solving methods are presented. Numerical experiments are carried out to validate the authors' analysis and algorithms, which show that, with the same SWIPT receiver, the IA-based system outperforms the EA-based system, whereas with the same information receiving strategy, the PS protocol outperforms the TS protocol. Moreover, compared with nonrateless-coded systems, the proposed protocols exhibit considerable performance gains. Moreover, the effects of the relay position on system performance are also discussed, which provides insights on SWIPT-enabled relay systems.


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  • Accession Number: 01634583
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 5 2017 12:07PM