Traffic Sign Recognition via Multi-Modal Tree-Structure Embedded Multi-Task Learning

Traffic sign recognition is a rather challenging task for intelligent transportation systems since signs in different subsets, e.g., speed limit signs, prohibition signs, and mandatory signs, are very different from each other in color or shape, whereas they share some similarities to the ones in the same subset. Therefore, it is important to integrate different modalities of visual features, such as color and shape, and select discriminative features for better sign description; in addition, it benefits to explore the correlations between the classes of traffic signs to learn the classifiers jointly to improve the generalization performance. In this paper, the authors propose MultiModal tree-structure embedded Multi-Task Learning called M^2-tMTL to select discriminative visual features both between and within modalities, as well as the correlated features shared by similar classification tasks. The authors' method simultaneously introduces two structured sparsity-induced norms into a least squares regression. One of the norms can be used not only to select modality of features but also to conduct within-modality feature selection. Moreover, the hierarchical correlations among the classification tasks are well represented by a tree structure, and therefore, the tree-structure sparsity-induced norm is used for learning the regression coefficients jointly to boost the performance of multi-class traffic sign recognition. Alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is used to efficiently solve the proposed model with guaranteed convergence. Extensive experiments on public benchmark data sets demonstrate that the proposed algorithm leads to a quite interpretable model, and it has better or competitive performance with several state-of-the-art methods but with less computational and memory cost.

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01634050
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 1 2017 9:37AM