Effects of a cognitive training and a virtual reality immersion on older adults' cognition and driving abilities

The main objective of this dissertation was to assess the effectiveness of a computerized cognitive training program, combined or not with a driving simulator immersion, on calibration, cognitive and driving performances and subjective well-being of 88 drivers aged 70 and older who were over or under-estimators of their cognitive abilities. Weekly interventions were conducted during three months. An active control group was engaged in a reading magazine activity. Our results show that the cognitive training and the active control activity both improved visual selective attention abilities and driving style (regarding speed adaptation and safety distances). Almost half of the sample (41/88, with 2/3 who were under-estimators), corrected their calibration bias. The driving simulator immersion did not influence the transfer of cognitive training benefits on road. The benefits of the intervention on the self-regulation process to promote the preservation of the driving activity in safe conditions, which is essential for the successful ageing, are discussed. The second objective was to assess the effectiveness of a countermeasure to reduce the simulator sickness, which is a major limitation to the driving simulator use for the older drivers. The effects of the neck galvanic cutaneous stimulation were assessed and did not reduce simulator sickness symptoms of older drivers, contrarily to young drivers. New research avenues are suggested in order to consider the driving simulator as an intervention tool to promote the driving safety.

  • Authors:
    • HAY, Marion
  • Publication Date: 2016

Language

  • French

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Pagination: 315 p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01629354
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institut Francais des Sciences et Technologies des Transports, de l'Amenagement et des Reseaux (IFSTTAR)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 17 2017 10:37AM