Optimization Scenarios of Home-Work Distances in Montreal

In Montreal, traffic congestion during peak hours is mainly caused by commuting trips. Many authors argue that a more effective management of car trips could help improve the situation. This paper presents optimisation scenarios of home-work distances in the Greater Montreal Area. The objective of this theoretical exercise is to assess the maximum reduction in home-work distances that could result from a “better choice” in home location by workers. By combining data from the 2008 Origin-Destination (OD) survey and the 2011 National Survey of Households, it is possible to assess the effectiveness of the delocalization of households.Three scenarios minimising total home-work distances are investigated: S1) reallocation of car-commuters while accounting for household size, S2) reallocation of car-commuters while accounting for household size and dwelling type and S3) reallocation of car-commuters while accounting for household size, dwelling type and tenure type (owned or rented dwelling). All scenarios are estimated at the municipal level. Moving workers to other home locations based on S1 reduces home-work distances by 58 %, down from 11,308,574 pers-km to 4,743,577 pers-km. As real travel distance between home and work are at least twice this distance, this represents a very important reduction. S2 reduces home-work distances to 5,424,141 pers-km: it is more restrictive but still accounts for a significant reduction potential. Finally, when estimating S3, the most restrictive scenario, total home-work distances are reduced by over 51 % (down to 5,718,749 pers-km). The paper examines the spatial structure of the results and provide ideas for policy implementation.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ABE50 Standing Committee on Transportation Demand Management. Alternate title: Optimization Scenarios of Home-Work Distances in Montreal, Canada
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Saoudi Hassani, Oussama
    • Saunier, Nicolas
    • Morency, Catherine
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2016


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 16p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 95th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01593836
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 16-6469
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 16 2016 9:36AM