Deriving Parking Use from Household Travel Survey Data

Parking is a critical element in sustainable transportation policies as it directly affects mode choice, land use, street safety, etc. Still, it does not receive as much attention as it should in the research agenda compared to other topics. One of the reasons for the lack of research and quantitative assessment is the complexity, time and burden associated with the gathering, processing and analysis of data on parking supply and demand. Actually, parking studies tend to be often limited to small areas and focused on specific issues. This research proposes a method to derive zonal parking use from the systematic processing of car trips observed from household travel surveys. Three consecutive large-scale surveys from the Montreal area are processed to illustrate the methodology. It relies on a concept called the vehicle accumulation profile (VAP) which serves to derive parking use throughout a typical weekday and each day of the week. The method allows preserving all the attributes of the car driver, making it possible to analyze parking patterns by type of parking, population segment, etc. Processing several Origin-Destination surveys allows conducting longitudinal parking analysis. This paper illustrates the usability of such a concept and confirms that household surveys can be systematically processed to provide typical parking usage, as is done for travel behaviors. The analysis reveals an increasing share of not moving vehicles, during a typical weekday, across the area from 1998 to 2008, as well as an overall increase in assumed parking capacities and parking duration. Trends on parking duration and assumed capacity (derived from the survey) are also discussed.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was sponsored by TRB committee ABE50 Standing Committee on Transportation Demand Management.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Bourdeau, Jean-Simon
    • Morency, Catherine
    • Saunier, Nicolas
  • Conference:
  • Date: 2016


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 22p
  • Monograph Title: TRB 95th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01595049
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 16-4011
  • Files: PRP, TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Mar 31 2016 9:31AM